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Astropolítica

"Se se pudessem interrogar as estrelas perguntar-lhes-ia se as maçam mais os astrónomos ou os poetas." Pitigrilli

Astropolítica

"Se se pudessem interrogar as estrelas perguntar-lhes-ia se as maçam mais os astrónomos ou os poetas." Pitigrilli

Heated Space Race Under Way in Asia

Abril 16, 2007

Vera Gomes

By Eric Talmadge
Associated Press
posted: 14 April 2007
02:52 pm ET


TOKYO (AP) — Upstart China challenges the United States by blasting a satellite out of orbit. North Korea lobs a missile over Japan, prompting Tokyo to initiate a multibillion dollar spy satellite program. India is readying a lunar mission, while rival Pakistan makes headlines with a new, improved warhead.



The most heated space race since the Cold War is under way in Asia, where countries are concluding that a space program is no longer just an expensive status symbol but a matter of national security. And they are scrambling to keep abreast.



China, the only Asian country to put its own astronauts into orbit, is far ahead.



But India, South Korea, Malaysia and Taiwan all have satellites in orbit. North Korea claims to have sent one up with its 1998 ballistic missile launch and to have used it to broadcast messages from its leader, Kim Jong Il, though that claim has never been substantiated.



Japan is closest to keeping pace with China.



After a decade of work, Tokyo in February completed a network of four spy satellites that can monitor any spot on the globe, every day.



Japan's program was spurred by the 1998 North Korean test of a Taepodong ballistic missile, which flew over its main island and into the Pacific somewhere off the coast of Alaska. Tokyo now spends about $500 million a year on its spy satellite program.



Japan, India and China currently have the capability to launch their own rockets into space, and Pakistan and North Korea have active missile programs.



Most Asian countries don't have the money to compete in space. But for those that can afford it, budgets are rising.



In 2000, South Korea broke ground on a $277 million rocket launch site. It plans, with Russian help, to put a small satellite in orbit next year.



India, meanwhile, is hoping to launch its Chandrayaan-1 moon mission this year or next. Still, India's technological prowess and $700 million space budget remain well behind its ambitions. China spends at least $1.2 billion on space-related projects and the U.S. about $16 billion.


in: http://www.space.com/news/ap_070414_ap_space_race.html

Vietnam Establishes Space Technology Institute

Abril 08, 2007

Vera Gomes

by Staff Writers
Hanoi (XNA) Apr 04, 2007

Vietnam's Space Technology Institute, which is mainly involved in developing satellite technologies, equipment, remote sensing technology and application, and space dynamics, was inaugurated Tuesday.

The institute's functions include researching into designing and assembling small satellites, applying space technologies in life, and constructing space facilities, including laboratories and earth stations, according to Vietnam News Agency.

Under a national strategy on research and application of space technology until 2020 recently approved by the government, Vietnam will master technologies and techniques regarding production of small satellites, launching equipment, and earth stations in the 2011-2020 period.

Between 2006 and 2010, Vietnam will intensify application of space technology in four main spheres, namely communications, hydrometeorology, natural resource and environment, and satellite-based positioning.

Under the strategy, by 2010 space technology should be widely applied in the fields like posts and telecommunications, radio and television, meteorology, agriculture and transport.

In May 2006, U.S. firm Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems won a bid to build and launch Vietnam's first communication satellite.

The Vietnamese government has selected May 2008 as the deadline for launching the medium-sized satellite coded Vinasat which will span its coverage over Vietnam, other Southeast Asian countries, Japan, the Korean peninsula, eastern Oceania and South China Sea.

Total investment for the Vinasat project is 2,885 billion Vietnamese dong (180.3 million U.S. dollars).


Source: Xinhua News Agency

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