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Astropolítica

"Se se pudessem interrogar as estrelas perguntar-lhes-ia se as maçam mais os astrónomos ou os poetas." Pitigrilli

Astropolítica

"Se se pudessem interrogar as estrelas perguntar-lhes-ia se as maçam mais os astrónomos ou os poetas." Pitigrilli

Bush apresentou nova politica espacial

Outubro 18, 2006

Vera Gomes

O jornal The Washington Post noticiou hoje que o decreto foi publicado em Setembro, mas não teve qualquer tipo de anúncio público.

O objectivo é iniciar uma nova política estratégica espacial para substituir a aprovada há 10 anos pela Administração de Bill Clinton.

A nova política enfatiza a segurança, mas também incentiva o desenvolvimento do sector privado na área espacial.

Segundo o jornal, as principais metas que estabelece são «fortalecer a liderança espacial do país e garantir que a capacidade espacial permita melhorar a segurança nacional dos EUA e alcançar objectivos de política externa».

Uma das suas prioridades é também «permitir as operações dos EUA sem obstáculos no espaço, a fim de defender» os interesses do país, acrescenta.

Com este objectivo, o documento insta o secretário da Defesa norte-americano a «desenvolver capacidades, planos e opções que garantam a liberdade de acção no espaço e, se assim for ordenado, negar essa mesma liberdade de acção aos adversários».

«A liberdade de acção no espaço é tão importante para os EUA como o poder aéreo ou o marítimo», diz.

O jornal acrescenta que os «EUA serão contra o desenvolvimento de novos regimes legais ou outras restrições que procurem proibir ou limitar o acesso ou o uso dos EUA ao espaço».

«Possíveis acordos sobre controlo de armamento ou outro tipo de restrições não devem limitar os direitos dos EUA a realizar pesquisas, testes e operações ou outras actividades no espaço em benefício do país», afirma.

O Governo, segundo o jornal, garante que esta nova estratégia não representa um passo em frente para colocar no espaço um sistema defensivo.

Um alto funcionário que falou sob anonimato disse ao Post que «esta política não tenta desenvolver ou colocar armas no espaço».

A política foi aprovada a 31 de Agosto e publicada pela Casa Branca discretamente a 6 de Outubro.

Segundo o alto funcionário, membros do Congresso e outros Governos, entre os quais a Rússia, foram informados.


in: Diário Digital

Para saber mais:
"US National Space Policy"
"New Space Policy Sets Up Intel Turf War" - Space War
"Bush Setes Defende As Space Priority"- Washington Policy
"The Bush National Space Policy: contrasts and contradictions" (Teresa Hitchens) - Center for Defense Information
"President Bush Forms New Space Policy" - Space Daily

É hoje lançado o satélite MetOp-A

Outubro 17, 2006

Vera Gomes

Joana Vidigal Leal

O satélite meteorológico europeu MetOp-A (Meteorological Operational Satellite Programme) é hoje lançado a partir do Cosmódromo de Baikonur, no Casaquistão. Depois de adiado o seu lançamento devido a uma falha mecânica, a ESA anuncia o lançamento do primeiro satélite de órbita polar que irá dar uma maior contribuição às previsões sobre o clima.

O satélite MetOp-Aé o primeiro de uma nova série de três satélites meteorológicos europeus. Lançados com um intervalo de cinco anos, estes satélites deverão obter informação meteorológica da órbita polar até 2020.

A ESA acredita estes satélites vão revolucionar a forma como são observados o clima, o ambiente e as condições meteorológicas da Terra, fornecendo dados sobre a temperatura, humidade, velocidade e direcção dos ventos na superfície do oceano e concentrações de ozono e outros gases com efeito de estufa, melhorando significativamente, a previsão meteorológica e de catástrofes naturais.

Com seis metros de altura e 4,085 toneladas de peso, o MetOp-A, que levará a bordo onze instrumentos de ponta, vai substituir um de dois serviços meteorológicos actualmente da responsabilidade da NOAA e será o primeiro satélite europeu em órbita polar dedicado à meteorologia. Depois de lançado, a responsabilidade do MetOp-A será partilhada pela Europa e pelos Estados Unidos.

Os MetOp foram concebidos para funcionarem de forma complementar com os satélites da NOAA.

in: http://www.cienciapt.net/noticiasdesc.asp?id=12986

Space Foundation Comment On The National Space Policy

Outubro 09, 2006

Vera Gomes

by Staff Writers
Colorado Springs CO (SPX) Oct 09, 2006

Space Foundation President and Chief Executive Officer Elliot G. Pulham issued the following statement in response to the release friday of the National Space Policy:
"The Space Foundation commends the President and Administration on the formulation of a comprehensive new space policy that clearly and correctly outlines why all space activities - civil, commercial, and national security - must remain a top priority for the United States:
'In this new century, those who effectively utilize space will enjoy added prosperity and security and will hold a substantial advantage over those who do not.'
The Space Foundation strongly urges the next Congress and its relevant congressional committees, upon convening, to act upon the principles and guidelines of the National Space Policy."
Pulham also offered the following observations on issues addressed in the National Space Policy:
"The call for International Cooperation with foreign nations and consortia is a very realistic and responsible approach to integrating U.S. space activity with the realities of the global economy and the resources and capabilities of other nations.
We heartily concur with the administration that it is imperative for the nation to revitalize its space industrial base.
As an organization dedicated to improving math and science education, the Space Foundation is particularly pleased to see that the Development of Space Professionals is identified as essential to achieving the nation's space goals.
Given the real need to understand global environmental dynamics for the protection of the planet and all life on it, we applaud the requirement to conduct Earth observation research.
Especially significant are the provisions that address commercial space capabilities and require government agencies to procure and use commercial space solutions wherever practical, which will promote a healthier commercial space sector, help drive out the excessive costs of government-managed procurements, and can help agencies become more cost effective and to leverage their existing funding for better results.
Finally, the guideline which appears to favor space-related exports is heartily welcome and long overdue. U.S. companies should be allowed to compete in the global marketplace and not be hampered by onerous and ineffective export controls."

In:
http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/
Space_Foundation_Comment_On_The_National_Space_Policy_999.html


Acedido em 09/10/2006

Colloquium on space, defence and European security (Kourou, French Guiana)

Outubro 01, 2006

Vera Gomes

Press Release N°36-2006
Paris, 25 September 2006

Colloquium on space, defence and European security (Kourou, French Guiana)


On 19-22 September 2006, the WEU Assembly and the European Interparliamentary Space Conference joined forces to hold a colloquy on Space, Defence and European Security in Kourou (French Guiana) in association with the European Space Agency (ESA), France’s national centre for space studies, the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and Arianespace. The event brought together over a hundred Members of Parliament from European nations along with Members of the European Parliament and senior executives from ESA, CNES, Arianespace and the space industry in Europe.

The main aim of the discussions was to examine the space sector in its application to security and defence and assess industrial capabilities in the light of the challenges Europe faces at the present time. The participants noted the gulf between the strategic ambitions Europe had of its space dimension and the level of funds it was prepared to commit to it. There was a risk of Space Europe losing its head start.

The President of the Interparliamentary European Security and Defence Assembly (WEU Assembly), Jean-Pierre Masseret emphasised the importance of Europe being able to draw on the full gamut of space-based facilities: earth observation, telecommunications, intelligence, navigation and ballistic missile early warning systems, noting further that this comprehensive range of capabilities played a crucial part in preventing, managing and exiting crises and would guarantee Europe genuinely autonomous powers of decision and action in security and defence matters.

The President of the European Interparliamentary Space Conference, François Roelants du Vivier, welcomed the fact of the colloquium being held in Kourou, in his view “not a moment too soon”. If Europe wanted to catch up with its main competitors in space, it needed to take the financial decisions that were necessary, and quickly! The vital necessity of the security and defence dimension being discussed at the colloquy was something that parliamentarians must seriously take on board in order to convince governments to invest massively in space – an area that had been far too long neglected.

The Director-General of the European Space Agency (ESA) Jean-Jacques Dordain felt that messages were being received from the conference that would constitute important inputs into the preparation, by the European Commission and ESA, of the European Space Policy, to be unveiled at the Fourth Meeting of the Space Council scheduled to take place in May 2007. Members of national parliaments and of the European Parliament had affirmed the strategic importance of space for the continent of Europe. In defining and implementing a European Space Policy, Europeans should build on present successes. There was a need to take feedback from users, consolidate technological and industrial capacities, maintain flexibility, strengthen coordination between the various parties involved and manage the evolution of space governance by stages. This was a challenge for everyone and one to which, with the commitment of all concerned, and in particular of the member states, Europe was quite equal.

For the President of the French Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), Yannick D’Escatha, Space had now become thoroughly interdisciplinary, and was consequently a key element of major European policies. He emphasised space’s special “dual” contribution in virtually every field (military and civil) connected with people’s security and was adamant that Europe must take advantage of this dual-use aspect, in view of the differential between levels of investment in Europe and the United States (in a ratio of 1:6).

On the subject of access to space, the Director of Arianespace, the Chief Executive Officer of Arianespace, Jean Yves Le Gall, pointed to the ever stronger position of the world leader in European launchers, with Ariane 5 especially, whose reliability and frequent regular launches had enabled Europe to put up the highest number of commercial satellites in 2005 and 2006. These high levels of activity in the worldwide commercial market had brought Europe the spin off of ready, reliable, guaranteed competitive access to space for sovereign missions by European governments. In this respect, the European launcher programme was a model of the success of European integration in the service of security and defence, as the launches that had already taken place of 26 military satellites served to illustrate. Finally, the full range of launchers in use at the Kourou European space port from 2008 – including Vega, Soyuz and Ariane 5, would mean that Europe was able independently to put a payload of any given weight into any chosen orbit.

O Tesouro do Observatório de Coimbra

Outubro 01, 2006

Vera Gomes

Apesar do Sol ser indispensável à vida na Terra, ainda permanece em muitos aspectos um grande mistério. É por isso que o arquivo do Observatório de Coimbra se transformou num verdadeiro tesouro científico - desde 1926 que diariamente são feitos clichés fotográficos da actividade solar. A Euronews visitou o Observatório para saber mais.

Artigo completo: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMM3KKKKSE_Portugal_0.html

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